The unassuming village of Rio Nuevo was the site of Jamaica’s most important battle ever between the Spanish and English which took place on June 17, 1658. This battle was Spain’s last attempt to recapture Jamaica from the British, resulting in Jamaica becoming a British colony. Spain formally ceded control of Jamaica to England under the Treaty of Madrid in 1670.The site is now a picturesque green space with a museum depicting artefacts discovered on the site and tells the story of the monumental battle. Outside the museum is a gazebo and plaques honoring both the Spanish and English soldiers who fought in the battle. There is also access to the beach where the invading fleet arrived.